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Currículo sem Fronteiras
 A journal for a critical and emancipatory education   ISSN 1645-1384

Análise dos usos do tempo entre crianças acerca das relações de gênero e classe social [Analysis of gender and social class relations around time use among children]

Marie Jane Soares Carvalho and Juliana Brandão Machado

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Temporalities are to be organized in the relation with several factors considered interchangeable. Among the most important factors we have: gender, social class, work, education, urbanization and industrialization. The research analyses the time use of a group of children from medium class. It also compares these data with the data acquired in the previous research with a group of children belonging to a working class. We believe there is an unequal distribution of time regarding gender and social class. This is due to the maintenance of some parents’ peculiarities and economical issues concerning each social group. The previous research was carried out with a group of 140 students between 9 and 12 years old, in a public school in Porto Alegre. As for the second study we carried it out within a group of 60 children, same age as the other group, but in a private school. As for the data collection we have applied to the children some diaries about their time use on a week day and on a Sunday. We have interviewed each student on the previous days and organized the data within two main sections: one with the events and their length of time for the week day and another one for the Sunday day. We, then, compared the data from the two groups of children taking into consideration: personal care, household care and leisure. For the time uses we could see there is a great effort, in the families of medium class, in making their children involved in extra-activities, out of the school, but the same does not seem to happen in the other group, of working class. Among the children of medium class, for some the priority is studying a foreign language, and for others it is the practice of a sport offered and supported by the school. The main objective, besides healthy care, is to keep the kids busy while the parents are at work. The idea of getting them ready to the future is present, too. As for household care few recordings could be reached in the group of medium class children, but not in the working class group. About two thirds of children in this group have registered this activity, in special the girls. Studies have pointed out that in higher classes there are more egalitarian codes, as well as more symmetric relations between boys and girls. Social class and gender peculiarities have shown to influence a lot the time use among the children in the study.


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